27 Nov Save the Children: Beating Pneumonia Blogs
In Nigeria, pneumonia has replaced malaria as the number one killer of children under five, claiming 18% of all under-five deaths. According to the WHO, there were 148,772 under-five deaths due to pneumonia in Nigeria in 2004, falling slightly to 132,556 in 2015.
In India, 392,859 under-fives were killed by pneumonia in 2004. The figure fell considerably by 2015 to 178,717. This still equated to more than 20 children every hour. Pneumonia remains one of the country’s biggest child killers, and India does seem to be making some progress in reducing its impact.
Sierra Leone’s Reproductive, Newborn and Child Health Policy 2011 defined pneumonia as the most common cause of under-five mortality, and responsible for 24% of all under-five deaths. WHO data shows that there were 6,630 under-five deaths in 2004, falling to 3,705 in 2015 – a 43% drop over the past 10 years, with pneumonia accounting for just 14% of all under-five mortality in 2015.
15% of all under-five deaths in the Democratic Republic of Congo are due to pneumonia, making it the single biggest killer of the country’s children. In 2000, the disease killed 41,587 under-fives, rising to 45,812 in 2015. DRC is one of seven African countries where the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) has risen over the last 15 years, largely due to pneumonia.